Leading Medical Teams Rely on SensAble 3D Modeling System to Speed Cranial and Maxillofacial Reconstruction

6/30/2008 Cardiff, Wales press release www.foxbusiness.com At the third annual conference on Advanced Digital Technology for Head and Neck Reconstruction today, SensAble Technologies, Inc, a leading provider of touch-enabled modeling solutions and haptic devices, and Majenta Solutions, an Authorized Reseller in the UK, showcased innovative uses of the FreeForm 3D modeling system for quickly creating patient-specific cranial and maxillofacial implants and prostheses. These include: - Orbital (eye socket) soft-tissue implants created by Morriston Hospital in South Wales - Surgical guides and soft-tissue, extra-oral prosthetics for eyes, ears and noses created by the University of Wales Institute - Cardiff's National Centre for Product Design & Development Research (PDR) - Custom titanium dental onlays to correct mandibular asymmetry made by the University of Sheffield's School of Clinical Dentistry Patients with cancer, trauma and congenital conditions often need custom implants with irregular or organic shapes. Traditionally medical teams carved wax, clay or gypsum models of patient-specific implants and prostheses - a time-consuming process requiring multiple iterations. Today teams are sculpting the same complex forms digitally with SensAble's FreeForm 3D modeling system and delivering them faster, with more accuracy and reducing the number of patient fittings. "FreeForm saved us at least 30 percent of the time it would have taken us to create our soft-tissue orbital implant versus working in wax," said Peter Evans, consultant in maxillofacial prosthetics at Morriston Hospital. "We see such potential in FreeForm that we formed a collaboration called CARTIS to further explore how digital 3D design can aid in [...]

2009-04-16T13:26:14-07:00June, 2008|Archive|

Face transplant pioneer in Cardiff

6/30/2008 Cardiff, Wales Madeleine Brindley Wales Online (www.walesonline.co.uk) THE leader of the team which carried out the world’s first face transplant will lecture at a major international medical conference to be held in Cardiff. Professor Bernard Devauchelle, from Amiens, France, made international headlines in 2005 when his team carried out the world’s first face transplant on a 40-year-old French woman, Isabelle Dinoire, who had been mauled by a dog. He will be among a number of prominent speakers at the International Conference on Advanced and Digital Technology in Head and Neck Reconstruction, which is being held in the UK for the first time. The conference, which runs until tomorrow, will look at the ways new technologies have advanced the field of reconstruction of the face. The conference has been organised by surgeons at Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University NHS Trust and from the University Hospital of Wales, in Cardiff. It comes as a series of major new developments have been made in the discipline at Morriston Hospital, in Swansea. The hospital is the first in Wales to install a £30,000 3D facial soft tissue scanner which can to link with other CT and MRI scanners to build up as complete a picture as possible of a patient’s face and aid surgeons in planning treatment. An operating theatre at Morriston has also been equipped with an electronic medical images system, allowing a complex software system to be operated as surgery is under way. This gives surgeons extra information to help fine-tune and [...]

2009-04-16T13:25:48-07:00June, 2008|Archive|

Individualized Treatment Selection in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer – Do Molecular Markers Meet the Challenge?

6/30/2008 web-based article Bhuvanesh Singh and David G. Pfister Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vol 26, No 19 (July 1), 2008: pp. 3114-3116 Integrated chemotherapy and radiation therapy have become the standard of care for most patients with advanced stage laryngopharyngeal cancers. The concurrent administration of these two modalities is the approach recommended by most experts at present.1 This strategy achieves higher rates of locoregional control compared to when chemotherapy is given as induction treatment before, or as an adjuvant after, radiation therapy.2-6 However, the benefits from concomitant chemoradiotherapy treatment are tempered by higher rates of treatment-related sequelae, especially in the short term. This issue is of particular concern in patients that fail to respond and who have to endure the adverse effects of treatment. Based on observations that response to chemotherapy predicts radiation response, initial combined modality trials used response to induction chemotherapy to select patients for subsequent organ preservation treatment with definitive radiation, reserving laryngectomy for chemoresistant patients.5,6 However, with a shift to concomitant administration of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, the opportunity for treatment selection based on initial response was lost.3 To maximize the potential value of induction chemotherapy in terms of patient selection while minimizing the delay in the start of concomitant treatment, Urba et al has promulgated an approach in larynx cancer in which one cycle of neoadjuvant chemotherapy is delivered to select patients for subsequent concomitant chemoradiotherapy.7 Their published work suggests that this approach offers advantages for survival improvement over historical controls. The group recently expanded [...]

2009-04-16T13:25:22-07:00June, 2008|Archive|

Knowledge and opinions regarding oral cancer among Maryland dental students

6/30/2008 Bethesda, MD S Boroumand et al. J Cancer Educ, June 1, 2008; 23(2): 85-91 Background: Most oral cancers are diagnosed at late stages. Health care providers, particularly dentists, play a critical role in early detection of oral cancers and should be knowledgeable and skillful in oral cancer diagnosis. In this study, we assessed knowledge and opinions regarding oral cancer among dental students in Maryland. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among Maryland dental students in 2005. Results: The response rate was 59.6%. Knowledge of oral cancer was low among freshmen and significantly different from other classes. There was no statistically significant difference between 2nd-, 3rd- and 4th-year students in terms of level of oral cancer knowledge. The results revealed inadequate confidence among junior and senior students with regard to oral cancer examination and lymph node palpation. Conclusions: Findings from this study identify areas that need reinforcement in Maryland dental school's curriculum regarding oral cancer education. This survey approach could be a model for other dental schools in the United States or overseas. Authors: S Boroumand, AI Garcia, RH Selwitz, and HS Goodman Authors' affiliation: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA

2009-04-16T13:24:54-07:00June, 2008|Archive|

Prognostic factors of survival in head and neck cancer patients treated with surgery and postoperative radiation therapy

6/30/2008 Clichy, France C Le Tourneau et al. Acta Otolaryngol, June 1, 2008; 128(6): 706-12 Conclusions: Given that radiation therapy (RT) is currently initiated as soon as possible after surgery, our results indicate that the main prognostic factors of survival are pT and pN stages in patients treated with surgery and postoperative RT for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Objectives: To determine the prognostic factors for survival in patients treated with surgery and postoperative RT for locally advanced HNSCC. Patients and methods. A retrospective study was performed on 308 consecutive patients treated from 1990 to 1998 with surgery and postoperative RT. In addition to histological factors, time-related factors were considered. Results: The median age of the whole cohort was 56 years (range 35-83). Median follow-up was 98 months. Median interval from surgery to the start of RT was 44 days (range 18-157), while median RT duration was 52 days (range 22-115). From univariate analysis of overall survival, statistically significant prognostic factors were pT stage (p<0.0001), pN stage (p=0.008), RT duration (p=0.01) and total treatment time (p=0.02). Perineural invasion, perivascular invasion, extranodal spread and positive resection margins did not appear to be related to survival. From multivariate analysis, the only statistically independent prognostic factors appeared to be pT and pN stages. Authors: C Le Tourneau, GM Jung, C Borel, G Bronner, H Flesch, and M Velten Authors' affiliation: Department of Medical Oncology, Beaujon University Hospital Clichy

2009-04-16T13:24:31-07:00June, 2008|Archive|

Chemoselection As a Strategy for Organ Preservation in Advanced Oropharynx Cancer

6/30/2008 Ann Arbor, MI Francis P. Worden et al. Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vol 26, No 19 (July 1), 2008: pp. 3138-3146 Response and Survival Positively Associated With HPV16 Copy Number Purpose: To test induction chemotherapy (IC) followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) or surgery/radiotherapy (RT) for advanced oropharyngeal cancer and to assess the effect of human papilloma virus (HPV) on response and outcome. Patients and Methods: Sixty-six patients (51 male; 15 female) with stage III to IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx (SCCOP) were treated with one cycle of cisplatin (100 mg/m2) or carboplatin (AUC 6) and with fluorouracil (1,000 mg/m2/d for 5 days) to select candidates for CRT. Those achieving a greater than 50% response at the primary tumor received CRT (70 Gy; 35 fractions with concurrent cisplatin 100 mg/m2 or carboplatin (AUC 6) every 21 days for three cycles). Adjuvant paclitaxel was given to patients who were complete histologic responders. Patients with a response of 50% or less underwent definitive surgery and postoperative radiation. Pretreatment biopsies from 42 patients were tested for high-risk HPV. Results: Fifty-four of 66 patients (81%) had a greater than 50% response after IC. Of these, 53 (98%) received CRT, and 49 (92%) obtained complete histologic response with a 73.4% (47 of 64) rate of organ preservation. The 4-year overall survival (OS) was 70.4%, and the disease-specific survival (DSS) was 75.8% (median follow-up, 64.1 months). HPV16, found in 27 of 42 (64.3%) biopsies, was associated with younger age (median, 55 v 63 years; [...]

2009-04-16T13:24:08-07:00June, 2008|Archive|

Genetically engineered viruses battle cancer

6/29/2008 Washington, DC Robert Boyd origin.montereyherald.com Viruses aren't always the bad guys. Sure, they can cause colds, measles, AIDS and other miseries. But with some tinkering, these tiny organisms may become a new and better way to treat cancer. In the last few years, scientists have been genetically engineering various viruses so they attack cancer cells but leave healthy cells alone. These "oncolytic" — cancer-destroying — viruses are being tested in hundreds of terminally ill patients for whom surgery, radiation and chemotherapy have failed. Several of these experimental viruses target malignant brain tumors, like the incurable glioma that's afflicting Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass. "The past two years have seen several major advances in oncolytic virotherapy," David Kirn, the president of Jennerex Biotherapeutics Inc., a biotechnology firm in San Francisco, reported in the journal Gene Therapy in April. "A large number of clinical trials have been carried out. Safety in humans has been demonstrated in more than 800 patients." So far, no cancer-killing virus has received U.S. government approval for general use in humans, but dozens of clinical trials are under way to determine their safety and effectiveness. Some could be ready for doctors to use in the next two or three years, said Dr. Frank McCormick, a cancer researcher at the University of California-San Francisco. He cautioned, however, that many hurdles remain to be overcome before viral therapy will be part of usual medical practice. Ways must be found to defeat the body's natural immune system, which is primed to [...]

2009-04-16T13:23:48-07:00June, 2008|Archive|

Researchers from University of Minnesota publish findings in oral cancer

6/25/2008 Minneapolis, MN staff NewsRX (www.newsrx.com) According to a study from the United States, "Whole human saliva possesses tremendous potential in clinical diagnostics, particularly for conditions within the oral cavity such as oral cancer. Although many have studied the soluble fraction of whole saliva, few have taken advantage of the diagnostic potential of the cells present in saliva, and none have taken advantage of proteomics capabilities for their study." "We report on a novel proteomics method with which we characterized for the first time cells contained in whole saliva from patients diagnosed with oral squamous cell carcinoma. Our method uses three dimensions of peptide fractionation, combining the following steps: preparative IEF using free flow electrophoresis, strong cation exchange step gradient chromatography, and microcapillary reverse-phase liquid chromatography. We determined that the whole saliva samples contained enough cells, mostly exfoliated epithelial cells, providing adequate amounts of total protein for proteomics analysis. From a mixture of four oral cancer patient samples, the analysis resulted in a catalogue of over 1000 human proteins, each identified from at least two peptides, including numerous proteins with a role in oral squamous cell carcinoma signaling and tumorigenesis pathways. Additionally proteins from over 30 different bacteria were identified, some of which putatively contribute to cancer development. The combination of preparative IEF followed by strong cation exchange chromatography effectively fractionated the complex peptide mixtures despite the closely related physiochemical peptide properties of these separations (pI and solution phase charge, respectively). Furthermore compared with our two-step method combining preparative IEF [...]

2009-04-16T13:23:15-07:00June, 2008|Archive|

Treatment of Patients with Clinically Lymph Node-negative Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity

6/24/2008 Seoul, South Korea Won Il Jang et al. Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 2008 38(6):395-401 Objective: To evaluate treatment outcome and to determine optimal treatment strategy for patients with clinically lymph node-negative (N0) oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Methods: Two hundred and twenty-seven patients with oral cavity SCC received radiotherapy with curative intent. We retrospectively analyzed 69 patients with clinically N0 disease. Forty-three patients were treated with surgery followed by radiotherapy (S+EBRT) and 26 with radiotherapy alone (EBRT). The median doses administered were 63.0 Gy for S+EBRT and 70.2 Gy for EBRT. Results: The rates of occult metastasis were 60% for T1, 69% for T2, 100% for T3 and 39% for T4, respectively, among patients who underwent neck dissection. A contralateral occult metastasis occurred only in two patients. The median follow-up was 39 months (range, 6–170 months). The 5-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), local control (LC) and regional control (RC) rates for all patients were 56, 50, 66 and 79%, respectively. The 5-year OS, DFS, LC and RC rates were 67/39% (P < 0.01), 66/24% (P < 0.01), 87/30% (P < 0.01) and 73/89% (P = 0.11) for S+EBRT/EBRT, respectively. Conclusions: The risk for occult neck metastasis is high in patients with oral cavity SCC; therefore, elective neck treatment should be considered. Excellent RC for subclinical disease can be achieved with radiotherapy alone. However, external beam radiotherapy alone to primary tumor resulted in poor LC and combined treatment with surgery and radiotherapy appeared to be a [...]

2009-04-16T13:22:36-07:00June, 2008|Archive|

Clinical Trials for the Prevention of Mucositis in Patients With Cancer of the Head and Neck

6/24/2008 Los Angeles, CA press release Fox Business (www.foxbusiness.com) Canopus BioPharma, Inc. is pleased to announce that the South African Medicines Control Council has granted approval for a Phase II study in 30 cancer patients evaluating the protective effect of CB1400 on the gastrointestional tract from radiation-induced mucositis. This new trial is an important step forward in the development of CB1400 as a novel, preventative, anti-mucositis agent. Oral and gastrointestinal (GI) mucositis is a painful, debilitating, and sometimes fatal, side-effect of radiation therapy and cancer chemotherapy. No preventative mucositis medicines are available, and few treatments are effective. With some cancer therapies, oral mucositis can develop in over 90% of patients. Consequently, it is a widespread problem with considerable economic and healthcare implications. There is a real need for an effective and well-tolerated mucositis prophylactic. The US market for a preventative mucositis agent is estimated to be over $1 billion per annum. In work carried out on behalf of Canopus, CB1400 has already been shown to have protective and antimutagenic effects when tested in an animal model of mucositis. Complete protection of the GI tract was seen in gamma-radiated mice pre-treated with oral CB1400 (100 mg/kg/day). Even with high doses of radiation (10Gy), there was no evidence of mucositis: weight gain was observed in the CB1400 pre-treated groups; all mice treated with placebo died. Canopus BioPharma Inc. has applied to undertake further clinical studies with leading oncologists in Australia, South Africa and the USA, investigating CB1400 as a preventative mucositis agent [...]

2009-04-16T13:22:12-07:00June, 2008|Archive|
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