Source: Sign On San Diego
The study will target exosomes, bubbles of protein and RNA molecules excreted by cancerous cells that can block immune system cells from fighting the illness.
By removing exosomes from circulating blood, Aethlon officials hope their device will improve the body’s ability to fight cancer and the effectiveness of treatments such as chemotherapy.
Blood taken from 25 patients with non-small cell lung cancer, prostate cancer, melanoma, sarcoma, and head and neck cancer will be circulated through the Hemopurifier device.
In clinical use, blood would be filltered directly from the patient and returned to the body in a similar way to kidney dialysis.
“If we validate that our Hemopurifier is efficient in capturing exosomes, its possible that we could transition towards a human treatment study to evaluate exosome clearance from the entire circulatory system,” he said.
The test will be conducted by the Sarcoma Oncology Center, a nonprofit independent research institute focused on cancer therapy development.
“This clinical histological study is a critical validation step in Aethlon’s Hemopurifier strategy for cancer,” said Dr. Sant Chawla, the trial’s chief investigator. “The concept of ‘subtractive therapy’, eliminating a major mechanism of tumor progression and resistance to drugs, represents a potential breakout solution that needs to be tested in the clinic.”
The trial will involve 25 patients and will cost just under $75,000, Aethlon officials said.
The filtering system works by pumping blood through a cartridge containing 2,800 hollow fibers that are perforated by tiny holes measuring about 250 nanometers.
Plasma and red and white blood cells pass through the holes and return to the circulatory system while exosomes and other larger particles, such as viruses, are trapped.
The Hemopurifier was cleared by U.S. regulators in 2007 for safety testing to counteract bioterrorism agents.
Last year, the company launched a study of the system on hepatitis C patients in India with the Medanta Medicity Institute near New Delhi.
This news story was resourced by the Oral Cancer Foundation, and vetted for appropriateness and accuracy.